1000+ Concise Alternatives

Make your writing more concise with these alternatives to common words and phrases.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

A Top

above and beyond above, beyond, exceed, go beyond, outdo, outperform, surpass

“Her essay went above and beyond the professor’s expectations.”
“Her essay surpassed the professor’s expectations.”

“Their performances went above and beyond their peers’.”
“Their performances went beyond their peers’.”

about to happen (occur, transpire, unfold) approaching, impending, looming, nearing, upcoming

“All eyes are on the debate that is about to happen.”
“All eyes are on the upcoming debate.”

“She sensed that disaster was about to unfold.”
“She sensed that disaster loomed.”

absolutely (not) no, not, remove

“He has done absolutely nothing since entering office.”
“He has done nothing since entering office.”

“The team will absolutely not quit.”
“The team will not quit.”

accompanied by and, with, remove

“His responses to the tragedy included sadness accompanied by anger and fear.”
“His responses to the tragedy included sadness, anger, and fear.”

“She was being accompanied by her husband.”
“She was with her husband.”

according to allege, assert, claim, contend, maintain, per, state, suggest

According to reports, he signed the deal last Thursday night.”
“Reports suggest he signed the deal last Thursday night.”

“Smith will be named the new coach according to a source close to the team.”
“Smith will be named the new coach per a source close to the team.”

according to plan (projections) as planned, as projected

“The presentation went according to plan.”
“The presentation went as planned.”

“Construction did not go according to projections.”
“Construction did not go as projected.”

a certain amount (degree) of some, remove

“I sensed a certain amount of hostility between the teams.”
“I sensed some hostility between the teams.”

“There was a certain degree of pressure to fit in.”
“There was pressure to fit in.”

act (acting) in agreement (accordance, harmony) with comply with, conform to, follow

“She promised to act in accordance with her parents’ conditions.”
“She promised to comply with her parents’ conditions.”

“They are not acting in agreement with the judge’s orders.”
“They are not following the judge’s orders.”

active (actively) remove

“Children are active participants in their cognitive development.”
“Children are participants in their cognitive development.”

“The government needs to actively work on the debt problem.”
“The government needs to work on the debt problem.”

actual (actually) remove

“There is no actual evidence that he is guilty.”
“There is no evidence that he is guilty.”

“There are actually numerous reasons to believe her.”
“There are numerous reasons to believe her.”

add together add, sum, total

“If you add together the deaths you will see why these conflicts must end.”
“If you add the deaths, you will see why these conflicts must end.”

“She instructed the students to add together the numbers they received.”
“She instructed the students to sum the numbers they received.”

a (the) decreased (decreasing) amount (degree, extent, level) of diminished, less, reduced

“There is a decreasing amount of conflict since the agreement was signed.”
“There is less conflict since the agreement was signed.”

“One product of the agreement was a decreased level of conflict.”
“One product of the agreement was diminished conflict.”

a (the) decreased (decreasing) number of fewer

A decreasing number of tourists are heading to the region.”
Fewer tourists are heading to the region.”

“Recent cutbacks are responsible for the decreased number of games being made.”
“Recent cutbacks are responsible for fewer games being made.”

(not) adequate enough adequate, enough, inadequate, insufficient, sufficient

“The partial refunds will not be adequate enough to satisfy customers.”
“The partial refunds will not be enough to satisfy customers.”

“Three weeks is not adequate enough to be prepared for the competition.”
“Three weeks is insufficient to be prepared for the competition.”

admit to admit, confess

“I doubt that he will admit to it immediately.”
“I doubt that he will admit it immediately.”

“After intense questioning, the boy admitted to stealing the bike.”
“After intense questioning, the boy admitted stealing the bike.”

a (an)……experience remove

“Our first kiss was an amazing experience.”
“Our first kiss was amazing.”

“The incident was a traumatic experience for all involved.”
“The incident was traumatic for all involved.”

a (an)……fact remove

“This is an interesting fact, cats meow only at their mothers and humans.”
“This is interesting, cats meow only at their mothers and humans.”

“I do not think that it is a surprising fact.”
“I do not think it is surprising.”

after all is said and done in the end, ultimately, remove

After all is said and done, we will triumph.”
Ultimately, we will triumph.”

“You will be sorry after all is said and done.”
“You will be sorry in the end.”

again and again continually, often, recurrently, regularly, repeatedly

“If you make the customers happy, they will come again and again.”
“If you make the customers happy, they will come regularly.”

“She comes to the library again and again to do research.”
“She often comes to the library to do research.”

age remove

“Ella Roberts, age 32, will receive the award for outstanding research.”
“Ella Roberts, 32, will receive the award for outstanding research.”

“The three recipients are aged 32, 47, and 68.”
“The three recipients are 32, 47, and 68.”

a good (great, large) deal of abundant, a lot, ample, copious, extensive, great, much

“There was a good deal of disagreement about who deserved to win.”
“There was much disagreement about who deserved to win.”

“There will always be a great deal of argument over which team is the best.”
“There will always be great argument over which team is best.”

a greater (larger, bigger, etc.) amount (extent, degree) more

“There will be a greater amount of participants in this year’s race.
“There will be more participants in this year’s race.

“The company should appeal to women to a greater extent.”
“The company should appeal to women more.”

ahead of schedule early

“We got to the event an hour ahead of schedule.”
“We got to the event an hour early.”

“She finished the presentation 5 minutes ahead of schedule.”
“She finished the presentation 5 minutes early.”

a host of countless, innumerable, many, numerous, several, various

“There are a host of problems with his response.”
“There are many problems with his response.”

“I chose to take the course for a host of reasons.”
“I chose to take the course for several reasons.”

aid and abet aid, abet, assist, help, support

“You can face serious charges if you aid and abet someone in criminal activity”
“You can face serious charges if you assist someone in criminal activity.”

“During the robberies he was aided and abetted by his younger brother.”
“During the robberies he was helped by his brother.”

a lesser (lower, slighter, smaller) degree (extent) of less

“There is a lower degree of violent crime in non-policed areas.”
“There is less violent crime in non-policed areas.”

“The patients who took the pill experienced a smaller degree of hair loss.”
“The patients who took the pill experienced less hair loss.”

all across the country (district, nation, province, state, world, school etc.) across the, district-wide, nationwide, province-wide, state-wide, school-wide, worldwide, etc.

“Cheers rang out all across the country.”
“Cheers rang out across the country.”

“People all across the world are calling for an end to the war.”
“People worldwide are calling for an end to the war.”

“The new regulations will be effective all across the district.”
“The new regulations will be effective district-wide.”

all in all all told, in all, in total, overall

“I could have done some things better, but all in all I feel I did well.”
“I could have done some things better, but overall I feel I did well.”

All in all it was a good day.”
All told it was a good day.”

all of a sudden suddenly

All of a sudden the door swung open.”
Suddenly the door swung open.”

“The routine was going well, but all of a sudden she lost her balance.”
“The routine was going well, but suddenly she lost her balance.”

all of them them all

“I finished all of them.”
“I finished them all.”

“He must have been hungry given that he ate all of them.”
“He must have been hungry given that he ate them all.”

allow……to let

“I will not allow my children to drop out of school.”
“I will not let my children drop out of school.”

“The instructor did not allow them to use calculators.”
“The instructor did not let them use calculators.”

all the time always, ceaselessly, constantly, continually, continuously, endlessly

“She comes here all the time.”
“She always comes here.”

“The generator runs all the time.”
“The generator runs constantly.”

all things considered all told, in all, in total, overall

All things considered, we did okay.”
All told, we did okay.”

“The book did not start well, but all things considered it was a good read.”
“The book did not start well, but overall it was a good read.”

all throughout during, over, through, throughout

“His phone rang all throughout the meeting.”
“His phone rang throughout the meeting.”

All throughout these 10 days I asked myself tough questions.”
Over these 10 days I asked myself tough questions.”

alongside of alongside, among, beside, with

“Ronaldo has not done enough to be ranked alongside of the likes of Pele.”
“Ronaldo has not done enough to be ranked among the likes of Pele.”

“She worked alongside of her husband for 50 years.”
“She worked with her husband for 50 years.”

along the lines of akin to, approaches, close to, comparable to, like, resembles, similar to

“We need a new desert, something along the lines of chocolate fudge cake.”
“We need a new desert, something like chocolate fudge.”

“The character is along the lines of Harry Potter.”
“The character is similar to Harry Potter.”

a long time ago long ago

“Dinosaurs inhabited Earth a long time ago.”
“Dinosaurs inhabited Earth long ago.”

“We met a long time ago.”
“We met long ago.”

a lot appreciably, considerably, markedly, much, significantly

“The first levels are a lot easier than the last few.”
“The first levels are much easier than the last few.”

“You will need a lot more money to buy that house.”
“You will need significantly more money to buy that house.”

a lot of many, numerous, several

A lot of people here question his honesty.”
Many people here question his honesty.”

A lot of critics say that his work is sloppy.”
Several critics say that his work is sloppy.”

a lot of the time frequently, often, regularly

A lot of the time people come here just to gamble.”
“People regularly come here just to gamble.”

A lot of the time I wonder about her future.”
“I often wonder about her future.”

a matter of remove

“It is not a matter of choice”
“It is not a choice.”

“The reduced money for education is a matter of concern for teachers.”
“The reduced money for education is a concern for teachers.”

“Each decision is reached in a matter of minutes”
“Each decision is reached in minutes.”

am (are, was) expecting anticipate, expect, predict

“I am expecting to give birth in October.”
“I expect to give birth in October.”

“The fans were expecting a better season from the team.”
“The fans anticipated a better season from the team.”

amount of time (length of time, period of time, span of time) period, time, timeframe, time-period, time-span, remove

“The documentary was shot over a period of ten months.”
“The documentary was shot over ten months.”

“You must work efficiently, regardless of the amount of time left.”
“You must work efficiently, regardless of the time left.”

amount to be, is, represents, totals

“The recent expenditure amounts to over half of the budget.”
“The recent expenditure is over half of the budget.”

“If the plan goes ahead, it will amount to a disaster.”
“If the plan goes ahead, it will be a disaster.”

an array of (arrays of) assorted, countless, many, numerous, several, various, varying

“There is an array of chocolates by the door.”
“There are various chocolates by the door.”

“The room was filled with arrays of paintings and sculptures.”
“The room was filled with several paintings and sculptures.”

and….also and

“Her opponent is taller and also heavier.”
“Her opponent is taller and heavier.”

“The new game is longer and also more challenging.”
“The new game is longer and more challenging.”

and additionally (furthermore, in addition, moreover) additionally, also, besides, further, furthermore, moreover

And moreover, the team failed to win last month and is nearing last place.”
“The team also failed to win last month and is nearing last place.”

And additionally, there seems to be little willingness to compromise.”
Additionally, there seems to be little willingness to compromise.”

an aberration (anomaly) aberrational, aberrant, anomalous, atypical, irregular, untypical, unusual

“He usually does well, so his poor showing was an aberration.”
“He usually does well, so his poor showing was untypical.”

“Due to her sex, she is considered an anomaly in the boxing world.”
“Due to her sex, she is considered anomalous in the boxing world.”

an increased (increasing) amount of escalating, growing, increasing, rising, more

“There is an increasing amount of tension between the groups.”
“There is growing tension between the groups.”

“There was an increased amount of gun violence during that time.”
“There was more gun violence during that time.”

an increased (increasing) number of more

“Hospitals report that an increasing number of women in their 40s are giving birth.”
“Hospitals report that more women in their 40s are giving birth.”

An increased number of off-shore buyers are purchasing local real estate.”
More off-shore buyers are purchasing local real estate.”

an integral part of essential for, fundamental to, integral to

“Hard work is an integral part of academic success.”
“Hard work is essential for academic success.”

“The first ten minutes are an integral part of the movie’s plot.”
“The first ten minutes are integral to the movie’s plot.”

an urge for crave

“I have got an urge for rich meats.”
“I crave rich meats.”

“The dictator has an urge for blood.”
“The dictator craves blood”

 

another one of another, another of

“We should get another one of those chairs for the dining room.”
“We should get another of those chairs for the dining room.”

“They agreed to attend another one of the games.”
“They agreed to attend another game.”

a number of countless, innumerable, many, numerous, several

a number of people complained about the article.”
Many people complained about the article.”

“She has won the tournament a number of times.”
“She has won the tournament several times.”

anyplace (anywhere) else elsewhere

“The hotel offers hospitality that cannot be found anyplace else.”
“The hotel offers hospitality that cannot be found elsewhere.”

“If this match occurred anywhere else the result would be different.”
“If this match occurred elsewhere the result would be different.”

apart from (except for) barring, besides, but, except, excepting

Apart from his shooting ability, Smith is not a standout player.”
Besides his shooting ability, Smith is not a standout player.”

“She answered every question correctly except for the first two.”
“She answered every question correctly but the first two.”

appoint as appoint

“He was appointed as Governor General.”
“He was appointed Governor General.”

“She aims to be appointed as CEO.”
“She aims to be appointed CEO.”

a problem for problematic for

“Staying healthy while working so much is a problem for me.”
“Staying healthy while working so much is problematic for me.”

“The test will not be a problem if you study for it.”
“The test will not be problematic if you study for it.”

a range of assorted, countless, different, diverse, innumerable, many, numerous, several, various, varying

A range of nationalities were represented.”
Various nationalities were represented.”

“The store sold a range of music.”
“The store sold assorted music.”

are (not) allowed (permitted) to can, cannot

“Students are allowed to look at their notes during the exam.”
“Students can look at their notes during the exam.”

“You are not permitted to leave without notifying someone.”
“You cannot leave without notifying someone.”

arrive at reach

“They will arrive at the store in an hour.”
“They will reach the store in an hour.”

“The students arrived at the same conclusion.”
“The students reached the same conclusion.”

as a consequence (of) because of, consequently, due to, hence, therefore

“People are getting heavier and as a consequence less healthy.”
“People are getting heavier and consequently less healthy.”

As a consequence of your actions you will be suspended for a week.”
Because of your actions you will be suspended for a week.”

as a matter of fact actually, in fact, remove

“Most people think I am Dutch, but as a matter of fact I am English.”
“Most people think I am Dutch, but I am actually English.”

“She thinks I am an only child, but as a matter of fact I have a sister.”
“She thinks I am an only child, but I have a sister.”

as a means of for, in, to

“The new software is used as a means of helping autistic children read.”
“The new software is used to help autistic children read.”

“The bill was effective as a means of opening the country to foreign investment.”
“The bill was effective in opening the country to foreign investment.”

as a result (of) because of, consequently, by, due to, from, hence, therefore, thus

“Miranda won the essay contest and as a result she received a trophy.”
“Miranda won the essay contest and thus she received a trophy.”

As a result of winning the essay contest, Miranda received a trophy.”
Due to winning the essay contest, Miranda received a trophy.”

as a token of in

“He gave her the gift as a token of his appreciation.”
“He gave her the gift in appreciation.”

“They offered her the plaque not as a token of appreciation, but for publicity.”
“They offered her the plaque not in appreciation, but for publicity.”

as a way of to

“He uses alcohol as a way of escaping the stresses of work and family.”
“He uses alcohol to escape the stresses of work and family.”

“She used online translators as a way of cheating on her homework.”
“She used online translators to cheat on her homework.”

a score of remove

“China is winning by a score of 2-1.”
“China is winning 2-1.”

“He led by scores of 2-0 and 4-1, but conceded four straight points and the game.”
“He led 2-0 and 4-1, but conceded four straight points and the game.”

a second time again

“I warned you after the first time, but if you do it a second time you will be suspended.”
“I warned you after the first time, but if you do it again you will be suspended.”

“My first attempt did not go well, so I tried a second time.”
“My first attempt did not go well, so I tried again.”

as far as….go (are concerned, goes, is concerned) as for, concerning, for, on, regarding, to

“Divorce is particularly damaging as far as children are concerned.”
“Divorce is particularly damaging on children.”

As far as this year goes, the company has yet to see much growth.”
As for this year, the company has yet to see much growth.”

as for (in, with) the case of as for, as in, as with

“When referees err, as in the case of last week, unfair play can be rewarded.”
“When referees err, as in last week, unfair play can be rewarded.”

As for the case of the gunmen, they deserve every year the judge gives.”
As for the gunmen, they deserve every year the judge gives.”

as is the case with as with, like

“She will be irrelevant after a few years, as is the case with most reality TV stars.”
“She will be irrelevant after a few years, like most reality TV stars.”

As is the case with most inmates here, Smith has been jailed several times.”
As with most inmates here, Smith has been jailed several times.”

as (so) long as if

“I will go to the game as long as you do.”
“I will go to the game if you do.”

“He can be released, but so long as he is in our community he must be monitored.”
“He can be released, but if he is in our community he must be monitored.”

at….best (finest, peak, pinnacle) peaked

“He was at his best in the 80s.”
“He peaked in the 80s.”

“The band’s sales were at their pinnacle following their second world tour.”
“The band’s sales peaked following their second world tour.”

a wide (great, broad, extensive) range (array, variety) of an array of, a range of, a variety of, countless, innumerable, many, numerous, several, various

A wide range of countries were represented at the World Cup.”
Various countries were represented at the World Cup.”

A great array of paintings were displayed.”
An array of painting were displayed.”

B Top

based in in

“The head office is based in Toronto.”
“The head office is in Toronto.”

“I am from Korea, but I will be based in England for the next two years.”
“I am from Korea, but I will be in England for the next two years.”

based on from

Based on what I saw she deserved to win.”
From what I saw she deserved to win.”

“He is no longer with the company based on what she tells me.”
“He is no longer with the company from what she tells me.”

based on my judgement (opinion) I believe, I think

Based on my judgment he made the wrong decision.”
I believe he made the wrong decision.”

Based on my opinion I have done well in treatment.”
I think I have done well in treatment.”

based on the fact that because, considering, given that, seeing as, since

“She was chosen based on the fact that she had relevant experience.”
“She was chosen because she had relevant experience.”

Based on the fact that he dislikes Smith, he probably will not support her bill.”
Since he dislikes Smith, he probably will not support her bill.”

basically remove

Basically, there are three main steps.”
“There are three main steps.”

“Painting was basically a way for me to relax.”
“Painting was a way for me to relax.”

bear a grudge against dislike, resent

“She bears a grudge against her brother.”
“She resents her brother.”

“They bear a grudge against police.”
“They dislike police.”

bear a resemblance to look like, resemble

“This painting bears a resemblance to his earliest work.”
“This painting resembles his earliest work.”

“They bear a resemblance to their mother.”
“They look like their mother.”

bear in mind consider, note, realize

“Please bear in mind that it could get windy.”
“Please note that it could get windy.”

Bear in mind what he has experienced before you judge him negatively.”
Consider what he has experienced before you judge him negatively.”

been (went) through endured, experienced, faced

“She has been through a lot this month.”
“She has endured a lot this month.”

“I went through many difficult things as a teenager.”
“I faced many difficult things as a teenager.”

being as (as how, how, that) because, considering, since

Being that he is under 6’0” he probably will not play in the NBA.”
Because he is under 6’0” he probably will not play in the NBA.”

“You should bring an umbrella being as how it rained earlier.”
“You should bring an umbrella since it rained earlier.”

beside the point extraneous, immaterial, irrelevant

“I am not going to respond to your argument as it is beside the point.”
“I am not going to respond to your argument as it is immaterial.”

“Whether the doctor smokes is beside the point; smoking is still dangerous.”
“Whether the doctor smoke is irrelevant; smoking is still dangerous.”

beyond a shadow of a doubt beyond doubt, beyond question, incontrovertibly, indisputably, irrefutably, unarguably, undeniably, undoubtedly, without doubt

“They must prove his guilt beyond a shadow of a doubt.”
“They must prove his guilt beyond doubt.”

“He was found guilty beyond a shadow of a doubt.”
“He was found guilty beyond question.”

both remove

Both Erin and Kelly will be at the party.”
“Erin and Kelly will be at the party.”

“She is both athletic and intelligent.”
“She is athletic and intelligent.”

both of the both, each

Both of the teams played well.”
Each team played well.”

Both of the schools are for autistic children.”
Both schools are for autistic children”

brand new new

“Come see us at our brand new location!”
“Come see us at our new location!”

“Used vehicles are typically as reliable as brand new ones.”
“Used vehicles are typically as reliable as new ones.”

bring about cause, create, induce, produce, trigger,

“The legislation failed to bring about change.”
“The legislation failed to cause change.”

“The war brought about a shift in the labour force.”
“The war induced a shift in the labour force.”

bring back memories (of) arouse memories (of), elicit memories (of), induce memories (of), prompt memories (of), provoke memories (of), redolent of, remind..of, trigger memories (of)

“Seeing his son on the field brought back memories of his own rugby games.”
“Seeing his son on the field reminded him of his own rugby games.”

“The outbreak of war is bringing back unpleasant memories for the aging veteran.”
“The outbreak of war is arousing unpleasant memories for the aging veteran.”

bring to a close (conclusion, end, halt) close, complete, conclude, end, finish, halt, stop

“Rain and thunder could bring a halt to construction today.”
“Rain and thunder could halt construction today.”

“The bell brought lunch to an end.”
“The bell ended lunch.”

bring to light disclose, divulge, expose, make known, make public, publicize, reveal, uncover

“Facing tougher opponents will bring to light the team’s flaws.”
“Facing tougher opponents will expose the team’s flaws.”

“The investigation brought several more cases to light.”
“The investigation uncovered several more cases.”

bring…..together unite

“We must bring the groups together for this to work.”
“We must unite the groups for this to work.”

“The invasion brought the rival cities together.”
“The invasion united the rival cities”

(a) burgeoning (growing, increasing, mounting, rising) amount (degree, extent, number, quantity) of more, increasingly

A rising number of doctors are leaving the country.”
More doctors are leaving the country.”

A growing quantity of the radios produced here are defective.”
Increasingly, the radios produced here are defective.”

by a narrow (slender, slight, slim, small, tiny) margin marginally, narrowly, slightly

“Profits dropped, but only by a narrow margin.”
“Profits dropped, but only slightly.”

“She was reelected by a slim margin.”
“She was narrowly reelected.”

by and large chiefly, generally, largely, mainly, mostly, normally, typically, usually

“I dispute some of the claims, but by and large his report is accurate.”
“I dispute some of the claims, but his report is largely accurate.”

“There are exceptions, but by and large our employees have advanced degrees.”
“There are exceptions, but generally our employees have advanced degrees.”

by definition remove

“Rivalry is by definition a two-way process.”
“Rivalry is a two-way process.”

“Exceptional dancing ability is by definition something that not everyone has.”
“Exceptional dancing ability is something that not everyone has.”

by herself (himself, itself, themselves) alone, remove

“She played by herself in the corner .”
“She played alone in the corner.”

“The medication should fix the problem by itself.”
“The medication alone should fix the problem.”

by no means far from, hardly

“This is the quickest way to solve the problem, but it is by no means the only way.”
“This is the quickest way to solve the problem, but it is hardly the only way.”

“His writing improved, but it was by no means impressive.”
“His writing improved, but it was far from impressive.”

C Top

call a (an) halt (end, stop) to cease, conclude, end, finish, halt, stop

“The referee should call a halt to the fight.”
“The referee should halt the fight.”

“He called an end to the game.”
“He ended the game.”

can (can not) be…. are (are not) -able

“The last two pages can be removed.”
“The last two pages are removable.”

“He was suspended because his actions could not be tolerated.”
“He was suspended because his actions were intolerable.”

can never….again cannot..again

“Those who incur this injury can never walk again.”
“Those who incur this injury cannot walk again.”

“After the breakup she told me that she can never trust again.”
“After the breakup she told me that she cannot trust again.”

capable of able to, can

“She is capable of winning the competition.”
“She can win the competition.”

“He is capable of hitting the ball the furthest.”
“He is able to hit the ball the furthest.”

care about how care about your, care how

“I do not care about how many awards you have won.”
“I do not care how many awards you have won.”

“She does not care about how much money you make.”
“She does not care about your income.”

climb up climb, scale

“He climbed up the fence.”
“He scaled the fence.”

“Education is an important tool for climbing up the social ladder.”
“Education is an important tool for climbing the social ladder.”

close down close

“The restaurant will close down next month.”
“The restaurant will close next month.”

“The New York franchise closed down after decades in business.”
“The New York franchise closed after decades in business.”

come about arise, befall, follow, happen, materialize, occur, start, transpire

“Change will not come about if you do not act.”
“Change will not happen if you do not act.”

“She asked me how the argument came about.”
“She asked me how the argument started.”

come as a shock (surprise) shock, surprise

“Her death comes as a shock to the other cast members.”
“Her death shocked the other cast members.”

“The news did not come as a surprise.”
“The news was not surprising.”

come over to come to

“They asked us to come over to their house for drinks.”
“They asked us to come to their house for drinks.”

“She came over to my house later that afternoon.”
“She came to my house later that afternoon.”

come together assemble, congregate, converge, gather, unite

“Various groups plan to come together to march on the capital.”
“Various groups plan to unite to march on the capital.”

“My extended family comes together yearly for a two week celebration.”
“My extended family gathers yearly for a two week celebration.”

come to light emerge, surface

“The journalist claims that new details will soon come to light.”
“The journalist claims that new details will soon emerge.”

“New information about the ordeal is coming to light.”
“New information about the ordeal is surfacing.”

come to grips with comprehend, confront, cope with, deal with, grasp, handle, manage, understand

“He struggled to come to grips with his addiction.”
“He struggled to deal with his addiction.”

“Decades later she is finally coming to grips with the tragedy.”
“Decades later she is finally confronting the tragedy.”

come to terms with accept

“It was difficult for her to come to terms with her disability.”
“It was difficult for her to accept her disability.”

Coming to terms with a child’s death is difficult.”
Accepting a child’s death is difficult.”

coming up approaching, nearing

“The final exam is coming up.”
“The final exam is nearing.”

“With the big game coming up merchandise is selling fast.”
“With the big game approaching merchandise is selling fast.”

contributing factor to (in) contribute

“Sugar is a contributing factor to diabetes.”
“Sugar contributes to diabetes.”

“A lack of support was a contributing factor in his suicide.”
“A lack of support contributed to his suicide.”

cope with handle, manage, tolerate

“She could not cope with the pain.”
“She could not tolerate the pain.”

“He asked me how I was coping with my wife’s death.”
“He asked me how I was handling my wife’s death.”

D Top

date back to date to

“The writings date back to the 17th century.”
“The writings date to the 17th century.”

“His fear of flying dates back to a rough plane ride when he was five.”
“His fear of flying dates to a rough plane ride when he was five.”

deal with handle, manage, tolerate

“She could not deal with the pain.”
“She could not tolerate the pain.”

“He asked me how I was dealing with the situation.”
“He asked me how I was managing the situation.”

designate as designate

“She was designated as team captain.”
“She was designated team captain.”

“Designating them as criminals changes the way they are perceived.”
Designating them criminals changes the way they are perceived.”

despite the fact that although, despite, even though, though

“He did well despite the fact that he answered the first two questions incorrectly.
“He did well despite answering the first two questions incorrectly.”

Despite the fact that she was valedictorian, she never finished first in a class.”
Although she was valedictorian, she never finished first in a class.”

differentiate (distinguish) between….and differentiate….from, distinguish….from

“The autistic child struggled distinguishing between right and wrong.”
“The autistic child struggled distinguishing right from wrong.”

“He failed to differentiate between popular art and good art.”
“He failed to differentiate popular art from good art.”

do not….any of none of

“I do not want any ofthis.”
“I want none of this.”

“I do not have any of the games.”
“I have none of the games.”

do not have have no

“I do not have a reason to think otherwise.”
“I have no reason to think otherwise.”

“She did not have doubt about who killed her sister.”
“She had no doubt about who killed her sister.”

do not (necessarily) have to need not

“You do not have to complete all the questions.”
“You need not complete all the questions.”

“Having the best players does not necessarily mean that you have the best team.”
“Having the best players need not mean that you have the best team.”

do not know any (anything) know none, know nothing

“I do not know anything about the robbery.”
“I know nothing about the robbery.”

“They did not know any of his friends that he brought to the party.”
“They knew none of his friends that he brought to the party.”

do not pay attention to ignore

“Do not pay attention to people who put you down.”
“Ignore the people who put you down.”

“She was upset with her boyfriend and did not pay attention to him at the party.”
“She was upset with her boyfriend and ignored at the party.”

do not remember forget, forgot

“I do not remember where he is from.”
“I forget where he is from.”

“Grandma did not remember my name.”
“Grandma forgot my name.”

do not think that doubt that

“I do not think that ghosts exist.”
“I doubt that ghosts exist.”

“She does not think that he will show.”
“She doubts that he will show.”

draw (a, any, the) conclusion (inference) conclude, deduce, infer

“I was unable to draw any conclusions from the article.”
“I was unable to conclude anything from the article.”

“Based on his glances she drew the conclusion that he found her attractive.”
“Based on his glances she inferred that he found her attractive.”

drop out quit, withdraw

“Two-thirds of teens in the valley drop out of high school before graduation.”
“Two-thirds of teens in the valley quit high school before graduation.”

“If the program’s patients do not feel respected they will likely drop out.”
“If the program’s patients do not feel respected they will likely withdraw.”

due to the fact that because, considering, given that, since

“She is unable to compete due to the fact that she is not a citizen.”
“She is unable to compete because she is not a citizen.”

Due to the fact that winds are picking up, you should be ready for delays.”
Since winds are picking up, you should be ready for delays.”

during the course of during, over, throughout

During the course of the game you will get sore.”
During the game you will get sore.”

“She felt confident during the course of the exam.”
“She felt confident throughout the exam.”

E Top

each (every) day (hour, month, week, year) annually, daily, hourly, monthly, weekly, yearly

“He exercises every day.”
“He exercises daily.”

“They travel to Colombia each year to see family.”
“They travel to Colombia yearly to see family.

each one each

Each one of the students presented their project.”
Each student presented their project.”

“While these studies are well done, each one has their flaws.”
“While these studies are well done, each has their flaws.”

either one of either

Either one of these candidates is suitable.”
Either candidate is suitable.”

“Students can start on either one of the sections, but they must complete both.”
“Students can start on either section, but they must complete both.”

elect as elect

“She was elected as President of the United States.”
“She was elected President of the United States.”

“Voters elected him as Prime Minister for the fifth consecutive term.”
“Voters elected him Prime Minister for the fifth consecutive term.”

element of some, remove

“There was an element of tension in the meeting.”
“There was tension in the meeting.”

Elements of skepticism are found in all his works.”
Skepticism is found in all his works.”

empathetic empathic

“Abused children are generally less empathetic than their non-abused peers.”
“Abused children are generally less empathic than their non-abused peers.”

established standard standard

“There is no established standard for handling this type of incident.”
“There is no standard for handling this type of incident.”

established custom (tradition) custom, tradition

“The giving of gifts every three weeks in an established custom in this culture.”
“The giving of gifts every three weeks is customary in this culture.”

ever remove

“Have you ever been to Canada?”
“Have you been to Canada?”

“Do you think she will ever remarry?”
“Do you think she will remarry?”

exactly remove

“Your paper must be exactly ten pages.”
“Your paper must be ten pages.”

“You have exactly three minutes to complete the quiz.”
“You have three minutes to complete the quiz.”

exact same same

“She wore the exact same dress as me.”
“She wore the same dress as me.”

“We have the exact same outlook on education policy.”
“We have the same outlook on education policy.”

F Top

fail to comply with break, contravene, defy, disobey, violate

“Those who fail to comply with my orders will be penalized.”
“Those who defy my orders will be penalized.”

“The construction of the buildings fails to comply with current legislation.”
“The construction of the buildings contravenes current legislation.”

far off distant

“The battle occurred in far off lands.”
“The battle occurred in distant lands.”

“Zirk is an alien from a far off planet.”
“Zirk is an alien from a distant planet.”

feel inside feel

“How do you feel inside about it?
“How do you feel about it?”

“She makes me feel warm inside.”
“She makes me feel warm.”

few and far between (few in number) atypical, few, infrequent, rare, seldom, uncommon, unusual

“Trustful friends are few and far between.”
“Trustful friends are uncommon.”

“Surviving veterans of the war are few in number.”
“Surviving veterans of the war are few.”

fill out complete

“Please fill out the form.”
“Please complete the form.”

Filling out these legal documents will protect you against lawsuits.”
Completing these legal documents will protect you against lawsuits.”

fit into (that, the) fits, fit the, fit that

“He was labeled a psychopath but I do not think that he fit into that category.”
“He was labeled a psychopath but I do not think that he fit that category.”

“Regardless of the category of offender he fits into, he is a danger to society.”
“Regardless of the category of offender he fits, he is a danger to society.”

for years long, longtime

For years she condemned smoking, yet ironically she became a heavy smoker.”
“She long condemned smoking, yet ironically she became a heavy smoker.”

“She was a critic of the government for years.”
“She was a longtime critic of the government.”

G Top

get in touch call, connect, contact, get together, phone, reach, talk, visit

“If there is a problem please get in touch with our customer service department.”
“If there is a problem please contact our customer service department.”

“We need to get in touch more!”
“We need to talk more!”

get married marry

“She wants to get married soon.”
“She wants to marry soon.”

“They got married last year.”
“They married last year.”

get rid of dispose of, eliminate, remove

“You need to get rid of the old equipment to make way for the new additions.”
“You need to remove the old equipment to make way for the new additions.”

“It is important to get rid of the unnecessary words.”
“It is important to eliminate the unnecessary words.”

get the better of best, better, defeat, edge, outdo, outperform, outclass, win

“She must get the better of the early rounds to have a good chance of victory.”
“She must win the early rounds to have a good chance of victory.”

“The Tigers got the better of their rivals.”
“The Tigers defeated their rivals.”

give birth to bear

“She will give birth to her first child next month.”
“She will bear her first child next month.”

“His wife gave birth to a ten pound boy.”
“His wife bore a ten pound boy.”

given the fact that because, considering, given, since

“It would be unsurprising if he cheated given the fact that he did it before.”
“It would be unsurprising if he cheated since he did it before.”

Given the fact that he did it before, the incident is unsurprising.”
Considering he did it before, the incident is unsurprising.”

give (offer, present)….opinion comment, opine, remark

“She gave her opinion on the teachers’ strike.”
“She opined on the teachers’ strike.”

“He was fined for giving his opinion on the issue against the owner’s orders.”
“He was fined for commenting on the issue against the owner’s orders.”

give rise to catalyze, cause, create, contribute to, induce, trigger

“Protests like these rarely give rise to major policy changes.”
“Protests like these rarely induce major policy changes.”

“His novels gave rise to a new generation of science fiction fans.”
“His novels created a new generation of science fictions fans.”

go along with agree with, cooperate with, back, endorse, favor, support, tolerate

“He refused to go alone with the bullying.”
“He refused to tolerate the bullying.”

Going along with his suggestions is unwise.”
Endorsing his suggestions is unwise.”

go back on break, renege on

“You better not go back on your promise.”
“You better not break your promise.”

“The mayor went back on her promises.”
“The mayor reneged on her promises.”

goes to show confirm, establish, demonstrate, prove, show

“His loss goes to show that you cannot win every match on talent alone.”
“His loss shows that you cannot win every match on talent alone.”

“This video is going to show my innocence.”
“This video will prove my innocence.”

go forward advance, happen, occur, proceed, progress

“It is unclear if they will go forward with the debate.”
“It is unclear if they will proceed with the debate.”

“The trial will not go forward for at least another year.”
“The trial will not occur for at least another year.”

going to go going, going to

“We are going to go back now.”
“We are going back now.”

“They are going to go to the river.”
“They are going to the river.”

group together group

“You should not group modern and classical liberalism together.”
“You should not group modern and classical liberalism.”

“Those in for major offenses are grouped together and isolated from other inmates.”
“Those in for minor offense are grouped and isolated from other inmates.”

H Top

half of half

Half of the students will withdraw after a month.”
Half the students will withdraw after a month.”

“He is half of the writer his mother was.”
“He is half the writer his mother was.”

happen again recur, reoccur

“Mistakes cannot happen again.”
“Mistakes cannot recur.”

“This event will not be happening again.”
“This event will not be reoccurring.”

has an (the) ability to can, is able to

“He has an ability to charm even the coldest people.”
“He can charm even the coldest people.”

Having the ability to tolerate criticism is important for actors.”
Being able to tolerate criticism is important for actors.”

has an effect (impact, influence) on affects, impacts, influences

“The economy has an effect on election outcomes.”
“The economy impacts election outcomes.”

“Your body language has an effect on those you interact with.”
“Your body language influences those you interact with.”

has a preference for favors, prefers

“She has a preference for the sciences.”
“She prefers the sciences.”

“While I enjoy the Winter Olympics, I have a preference for the Summer version.”
“While I enjoy the Winter Olympics, I favor the Summer version.”

has a tendency to consistently, constantly, frequently, generally, often, regularly, tends to

“She has a tendency to challenge authority.”
“She regularly challenges authority.”

“These dogs have a tendency to be aggressive.”
“These dogs tend to be aggressive.”

has (has not) been successful has been unsuccessful, has succeeded, has failed,

“So far his strategy has not been successful.”
“So far his strategy has failed.”

“Efforts to clean the park have been successful.”
“Efforts to clean the park have succeeded.”

has the effect of remove

“Texting has the effect of distracting drivers.”
“Texting distracts drivers.”

“The jab has the effect of obscuring your opponent’s vision.”
“The jab obscures your opponent’s vision.”

has to must

“The team has to improve.”
“The team must improve.”

“The students have to complete the exam within an hour.”
“The students must complete the exam within an hour.”

had no good (justifiable) reason to (for) inexcusably, indefensibly, unreasonably, unjustifiably

“She had no good reason to assault him.”
“She unjustifiably assaulted him.”

“The police had no good reason for using force.”
“The police inexcusably used force.”

head (went) back to returned to, revisited

“They headed back to the crime scene to look for evidence.”
“They returned to the crime scene to look for evidence.”

“In 1984 she went back to her birthplace of New Delhi to see family.”
“In 1984 she revisited her birthplace of New Delhi to see family.”

head over to go to, head to, went to

“We will head over to her place in an hour.”
“We will head to her place in an hour.”

“The team headed over to Europe for a tournament.”
“The plane went to Europe for a tournament.”

hold the belief (opinion, view) that assert that, consider, believe that, think that, maintain that, regard

“They hold the view that marriage is morally wrong.”
“They believe that marriage is morally wrong.”

“She holds the view that Smith is the best player.”
“She considers Smith the best player.”

human being human, person

“All human beings deserve food, shelter, and dignity.”
“All humans deserve food, shelter, and dignity.”

“I may look different, but I am a human being too.”
“I may look different, but I am a person too.”

hundred(s) (of) years centuries

“For hundreds of years people thought the world was flat.”
“For centuries people thought the world was flat.”

“Two hundred years later he is considered an icon.”
“Two centuries later he is considered an icon.”

hurry up hurry

“If you do not hurry up you will be late for school.”
“If you do not hurry you will be late for school.”

“She told him to hurry up.”
“She told him to hurry.”

I Top

if….had had

If they had followed the rules there would be no problems.”
Had they followed the rules there would be no problems.”

If the team had lost they would have been eliminated.”
Had the team lost they would have been eliminated.”

if….then if

“If he is not here in ten minutes then I am leaving.”
“If he is not here in ten minutes I am leaving.”

“If you feel victimized then notify a teacher.”
“If you feel victimized notify a teacher.”

impact on (effect, impact, influence)

“The surge of immigration is expected to impact on hiring patterns.”
“The surge of immigration is expected to impact hiring patterns.”

“The pretentious scholar suggested that nothing would impact on his decision.”
“The pretentious scholar suggested that nothing would influence his opinion.”

in a bad mood angry, crabby, displeased, grouchy, grumpy, irritable, irritated, unhappy, upset, vexed

“He was in a bad mood.”
“He was grouchy.”

“When you are in a bad mood think of those who have it worse.”
“When you are irritable think of those who have it worse.”

in a better light more favorably, more positively

“This documentary portrays him in a better light than the others do.”
“This documentary portrays him more favorably than the others do.”

“He wanted to be seen in a better light.”
“He wanted to be seen more positively.”

in a class by herself (himself, itself, of their own, themselves) matchless, peerless, unequaled, unmatched, unrivaled, without equal

“She was in a class by herself.”
“She was peerless.”

“His writing was in a class by itself.”
“His writing was unrivaled.”

in accordance with according to, compliant with, consistent with, consonant with, following, under

“This government has not acted in accordance with their promises.”
“This government has not acted according to their promises.”

In accordance with the new law longer sentences will be given.”
Under the new law longer sentences will be given.”

in addition additionally, also, as well, besides, beyond, further, furthermore, moreover

In addition, there are many unanswered questions about his leadership ability.”
Moreover, there are many unanswered questions about his leadership ability.”

“There are three more stories in addition to those just published.”
“There are three more stories besides those just published.”

in advance before, beforehand, earlier, sooner, remove

“Had you let us know in advance we could have made accommodations.”
“Had you let us know sooner we could have made accommodations.”

“You must plan in advance for a trip like this.”
“You must plan beforehand for a trip like this.”

in and of itself alone, by itself, itself, on its own, per se

In and of itself it will not create problems, but combined with other factors it can.”
By itself it will not create problems, but combined with other factors it can.”

“There is nothing wrong with gun ownership in and of itself; the problem is with people.”
“There is nothing wrong with gun ownership itself; the problem is with people.”

in discussion with chatting with, conversing with, talking with

“She was in discussion with her boyfriend when I arrived.”
“She was chatting with her boyfriend when I arrived.”

“We are in discussion with three studios about making the movie.”
“We are talking with three studios about making the movie.”

in general customarily, generally, mainly, mostly, normally, typically, usually

“There were missteps, but in general she performed well.”
“There were missteps, but generally she performed well.”

“He is a nice in general, but today he seemed grumpy.”
“He is usually nice, but today he seemed grumpy.”

in jail (prison) jailed, imprisoned

“This is his third time being in jail.”
“This is his third time being jailed.”

“She was in prison for several months on a drug charge.”
“She was imprisoned for several months on a drug charge.”

in order to to

In order to pass the course you must take the final.”
To pass the course you must take the final.”

“Most people work in order to pay bills.”
“Most people work to pay bills.”

inside of inside

“The psychologist told him to look inside of himself rather than to others for answers.”
“The psychologist told him to look inside himself rather than to others for answers.”

“The child thought there was a monster inside of his closet.”
“The child thought there was a monster inside his closet.”

in terms of about, as for, as to, at, concerning, for, in, on, regarding, respecting, with, -wise, remove

“It was a good game in terms of entertainment, but little skill was displayed.”
“It was a good game entertainment-wise but little skill was displayed.”

“Your papers will be graded in terms of the strength of your arguments.”
“Your papers will be graded on the strength of your arguments.”

“He scored higher on the exam, but she outperformed him in terms of math.”
“He scored higher on the exam, but she outperformed him in math.”

in (as for, as with) the case of as for, as in, as with, in….case, like….case remove

“When referees err, like in the case of last week, unfair play can be rewarded.”
“When referees err like last week, unfair play can be rewarded.”

As for the case of the gunmen, they deserve every year the judge gives.”
As for the gunmen, they deserve every year the judge gives.”

in the future eventually, in time, later, one day, over time, someday, sometime, ultimately, with time, remove

In the future people will fight over increasingly scarce resources.”
In time people will fight over increasingly scarce resources.”

“I will do better in the future.”
“I will eventually do better.”

in the middle (midst of) during, while

“The alarm sounded in the middle of the test.”
“The alarm sounded during the test.”

In the midst of crossing the road he noticed a car rushing toward him.”
While crossing the road he noticed a car rushing toward him.”

in what is in

“He is expected to triumph in what is one of the most heated elections ever.”
“He is expected to triumph in one of the most heated elections ever.”

“They are performing in what is a star-filled charity concert.”
“They are performing in a star-filled charity concert.”

is not to be must not be, should not be

“Cheating is not to be tolerated.”
“Cheating must not be tolerated.”

“According to boxing’s rules, ineffective aggression is not to be rewarded.”
“According to boxing’s rules, ineffective aggression should not be rewarded.”

is to be must be, should be

“Good teachers know that cheating is to be punished.”
“Good teachers know that cheating must be punished.”

“According to boxing’s rules, effective aggression is to be rewarded.”
“According to boxing’s rules, effective aggression should be rewarded.”

J Top

join together join

“In Lego you join the pieces together to get the picture on the box.”
“In Lego you join the pieces to get the pictures on the box.”

“The families were joined together in celebration.”
“The families were joined in celebration.”

judge (….) as judge

“They will judge the essays as poor, average, or good.”
“They will judge the essays poor, average, or good.”

“Children are judged as less credible witnesses than adults.”
“Children are judged less credible witnesses than adults.”

just about about, almost, essentially, nearly, practically, virtually

“The story is just about finished.”
“The story is almost finished.”

Just about all those who attended were injured.”
Virtually all those who attended were injured.”

just in case in case

“You should be ready just in case they arrive early.”
“You should be ready in case they arrive early.”

Just in case you forgot, I will remind you.”
In case you forgot, I will remind you.”

K Top

keep an open mind be open-minded

“Try to keep an open mind while listening to each side of the debate.”
“Try being be open-minded while listening to each side of the debate.”

“It was difficult for him to keep an open mind about his daughter’s revelations.”
“It was difficult for him to be open-minded about his daughter’s revelations.”

keep away from avoid, isolate from, separate from

“I tried keeping away from her.”
“I tried avoiding her.”

“Highly dangerous inmates are kept away from the general population.”
“Highly dangerous inmates are isolated from the general population.”

keep in mind remember, remove

“It was an unimpressive performance, but keep in mind that he just started.”
“It was an unimpressive performance, but remember that he just started.”

“He is much bigger than her, but keep in mind that bigger does not mean better.”
“He is much bigger than her, but bigger does not mean better.”

known as called, labeled, named, termed, remove

“Influenza is popularly known as ‘the flu’.”
“Influenza is popularly termed ‘the flu’.”

“Once someone is known as a snitch in prison their safety is jeopardized.”
“Once someone is labeled a snitch in prison their safety is jeopardized.”

L Top

label as label

“He is labelled as a scientist but his scholarship is largely in the humanities.”
“He is labelled a scientist but his scholarship is largely in the humanities.”

Labeling students as bright or not bright causes teachers to treat them unequally.”
Labeling students bright or not bright causes teachers to treat them unequally.”

later on later

Later on that evening he called his sister.”
Later that evening he called his sister.”

“We will get to it later on.”
“We will get to it later.”

lengthy long

“He served a lengthy prison term.”
“He served a long prison term.”

“It is a lengthy process requiring time and money.”
“It is a long process requiring time and money.”

less than dis-, im-, in-, mi-, non-, not, un-

“His performance was less than satisfactory.”
“His performance was unsatisfactory.”

“She was less than pleased by her son’s outburst.”
“She was displeased by her son’s outburst.”

let….stand affirm, reaffirm, uphold

“The judge is unlikely to let the previous ruling stand.”
“The judge is unlikely to affirm the previous ruling.”

“Following a review the committee let the decision stand.”
“Following a review the committee upheld the decision.”

lift up elevate, hoist, lift, raise

“We must lift up the hopes of those in need.”
“We must raise the hopes of those in need.”

“She lifted the bar up higher than her brother could.”
“She lifted the bar higher than her brother could.”

like….also (as well, too) like

“Like his father, Erickson is also a talented dancer.”
“Like his father, Erickson is a talented dance.”

“Like the first two movies, the third is very entertaining as well.
“Like the first two movies, the third is very entertaining.

little by little gradually, slowly

“Rates are dropping little by little.”
“Rates are dropping slowly.”

Little by little she is getting better.”
Gradually she is getting better.”

link together connect, join, link

“The island and mainland are linked together by a large bridge.”
“They island and mainland are linked by a large bridge.”

“This project will link together different generations of veterans.”
“This project will connect different generations of veterans.”

look at check, examine, inspect, see

“We must look at this issue more closely.”
“We must examine this issue more closely.”

“The doctor told me to turn so she could look at my side.”
“The doctor told me to turn so she could examine my side.”

look to see check, examine, inspect, look, see

“Please look to see if she is by the entrance.”
“Please check if she is by the entrance.”

“She looked to see whether the patterns matched.”
“She examined whether the patterns matched.”

M Top

majority of most

A majority of students find classes boring.”
Most students find classes boring.”

“Studies find that the majority of veterinarians believe that they are underpaid.”
“Studies find that most veterinarians believe that they are underpaid.”

make a (the) distinction between differentiate between, differentiate….from, distinguish between, distinguish….from

“He failed to make a distinction between popular art and good art.”
“He failed to differentiate popular art from good art.”

“The autistic child struggled in making the distinction between right and wrong.”
“The autistic child struggled distinguishing between right and wrong.”

make an appearance appear, attend, show up, stop by, visit

“She is yet to confirm if she will make an appearance.”
“She is yet to confirm if she will show up.”

“He made a brief appearance at the event.”
“He briefly attended the event.”

make an attempt (effort) attempt, try, remove

“He will not make an attempt to win the tournament again.”
“He will not attempt to win the tournament again.”

“The university will not make an effort to challenge the decision.”
“The university will not challenge the decision.”

make (a) comment(s) about/make (a) remark(s) about (on) comment on, remark on

“She made some comments about his controversial defense of the suspects.”
“She commented on his controversial defense of the suspects.”

“He wrote four stories and in two of them he made remarks about abortion.”
“He wrote four stories and in two of them he remarked on abortion.”

make up….mind choose, decide, determine

“The dean has not made up her mind about which student will be selected for the award.”
“The dean has not determined which student will be selected for the award.”

“They should make up their minds quickly.”
“They should decide quickly.”

many of the countless, many, numerous, several, various

Many of the competitors were nervous.”
Several competitors were nervous.”

“He claimed that many of the products were defective before he used them.”
“He claimed that many products were defective before he used them.”

may or may not could, may, may not, might

“He may or may not have stolen the food, but he did not steal the bike.”
“He could have stolen the food, but he did not steal the bike.”

“I may or may not be related to him, but I do not see why it would matter.”
“I may be related to him, but I do not see why it would matter.”

most of generally, largely, mainly, mostly, typically

Most of his writing is on the causes of civil war.”
“His writing is mostly on the causes of civil war.”

Most of the competitors in this race are experienced, but some are novices.”
“The competitors in this race are generally experienced, but some are novices.”

most other(s) most

“She persevered when most others quit.”
“She persevered when most quit.”

“He is more intelligent than most other third graders.”
“He is more intelligent than most third graders.”

N Top

name as appoint, name

“I doubt that they will name her as a suspect.”
“I doubt that they will name her a suspect.”

“It is rumored that he will be named as head coach.”
“It is rumored that he will be appointed head coach.”

nevertheless (nonetheless) but, however, yet, remove

“The statement was true but nevertheless misleading.”
“The statement was true but misleading.”

“She performed well and should be proud. Nonetheless she did not make the team.”
“She performed well and should be proud, but she did not make the team.”

not…. a-, dis-, im-, ir-, un-

“The decision stood despite most knowing that it was not fair.”
“The decision stood despite most knowing that it was unfair.”

“She is not organized.”
“She is disorganized.”

“He was not a responsible young man.”
“He was an irresponsible young man.”

“She was not social during her early youth.”
“She was asocial during her early youth.”

“A good judge should not be partial.”
“A good judge should be impartial.”

not (be) able to cannot, incapable of, unable to

“Due to his injury he is not able to practice for another two months.”
“Due to his injury he cannot practice for another two months.”

“I am sorry, but I will not be able to attend the party.”
“I am sorry, but I am unable to attend the party.”

not as….as better….than, inferior to, less….than, superior, to worse….than

“His health is not as bad as his brother’s.”
“His health is better than his brother’s.”

“They were not as friendly as I expected.”
“They were less friendly than I expected.”

not necessary (mandatory, needed, required) inessential, needless, nonessential, unnecessary

“The road funding was required, but the other expenditures were not necessary.”
“The road funding was required, but the other expenditures were needless.”

“It was not necessary for him to use violence.”
“It was unnecessary for him to use violence.”

not sure doubtful, uncertain, undecided, unsure

“I was not sure how to react.”
“I was unsure how to react.”

“While I believe this is the right decision, he is not sure.”
“While I believe this is the right decision, he is doubtful.”

number of…. -count

“The books have the same number of pages.”
“The books have the same page count.”

“She was told to reduce the number of words in her essay.”
“She was told to reduce her essay’s word count.”

O Top

occur again recur, reoccur

“Tragedies like this cannot occur again.”
“Tragedies like this cannot recur.”

“The symptoms occurred again when her treatment stopped.”
“The symptoms reoccurred when her treatment stopped.”

off of off

“She jumped off of the swing.”
“She jumped off the swing.”

“The detective was taken off of the case.”
“The detective was taken off the case.”

of the belief (opinion, view) that assert that, consider, believe that, maintain that, think that, regard

“They are of the belief that marriage is morally wrong.”
“They believe that marriage is morally wrong.”

“She is of the view that Smith is the best player.”
“She considers Smith the best player.”

on a….basis annually, biannually, bimonthly, biweekly, daily, hourly, monthly, frequently, regularly, often, semiannually, semimonthly, semiweekly, weekly, yearly

“They fight on a daily basis.”
“They fight daily.”

“Despite being seventy she exercises on a regular basis.”
“Despite being seventy she exercises regularly.”

on account of (on the basis of) based on, because of, due to, owing to

“She was promoted on account of her work ethic.”
“She was promoted due to her work ethic.”

On the basis of his behavior he will be suspended for the week.”
Owing to his behavior he will be suspended for the week.”

on average customarily, generally, mainly, mostly, normally, predominantly, typically, usually,

On average, men are taller than women.”
Generally, men are taller than women.”

On average she finishes among the top ten students in her classes.”
“She typically finishes among the top ten students in her classes.”

on behalf of for

“The lawyer filed the request on behalf of her client.”
“The lawyer filed the request for her client.”

“I am speaking on behalf of my teammates when I say that we are sorry to our fans.”
“I am speaking for my teammates when I say that we are sorry to our fans.”

on -day -day

“They met on Tuesday night to discuss their plan.”
“They met Tuesday night to discuss their plan.”

“There was a practice on Friday morning.”
“There was a Friday morning practice.”

only to but, yet

“They were up 2-1 only to concede 2 straight goals and the game.”
“They were up 2-1 but conceded 2 straight goals and the game.”

“She long condemned smoking, only to become a smoker herself.”
“She long condemned smoking, yet became a smoker herself.”

on….part (the part of) by, from, remove

“It was a great performance on his part.”
“It was a great performance by him.”

“Success in boxing requires diligence on the part of boxer and trainer.”
“Success in boxing requires diligence from boxer and trainer.”

on the brink (verge) of about to, approaching, close to, near, nearly, verging on

“The countries are on the brink of war.”
“The countries are close to war.”

“He is on the verge of stardom.”
“He is nearing stardom.”

on the rise booming, flourishing, growing, increasing, mounting, multiplying, proliferating, rising, snowballing

“High school dropout rates are on the rise.”
“High school dropout rates are rising.”

“Violent incidents on planes have been on the rise since alcohol started being served.”
“Violent incidents on planes have multiplied since alcohol started being serving.”

on the surface (of things) apparently, appear, appear to, outwardly, seem, seemingly, seem to remove

On the surface she seems kind, but it is just an act.”
“She seems kind, but it is just an act.”

On the surface of things it was a good deal, but he had second thoughts upon reading further.”
“It appeared to be a good deal, but he had second thoughts upon reading further.”

on the way there on the way

“She left for his house and stopped on the way there to pickup his sister.”
“She left for his house and stopped on the way to pickup his sister.”

“They agreed to meet at the store but crossed paths on the way there.”
“They agreed to meet at the store but crossed paths on the way.”

on the whole generally, mainly, mostly, most of, normally, overall, typically, usually

“He struggled with the beginning, but on the whole he did well.”
“He struggled with the beginning, but generally he did well.”

On the whole women are shorter than men.”
Typically women are shorter than men.”

on (the) top of (that, this) also, atop, aside from, besides, beyond that, beyond this, further, furthermore, moreover, still more

On top of the drug charge, he faces two battery charges.”
Besides the drug charge, he faces two battery charges.”

“On top of that remark, he suggested that the economy was poorly managed.”
Furthermore, he suggested that the economy was poorly managed”

“The cat sat on top of the chair.”
“The cat sat atop the chair.”

or else or

“You must clean your room or else you will not get dessert.”
“You must clean your room or you will not get dessert.”

“All forms must be filed out or else your application will be rejected.”
“All forms must be filed out or your application will be rejected.”

other people others

“Do not let other people bring you down.”
“Do not let others bring you down.”

“We arrived early and other people did not appear for another hour.”
“We arrived early and others did not appear for another hour.”

out of of

“Nine out of ten Americans disagreed.”
“Nine of ten Americans disagreed.”

“She completed six questions out of seven.”
“She completed six of seven questions.”

outside of outside

“Those outside of the area should be safe.”
“Those outside the area should be safe.”

“She told him that he should get outside of the house more.”
“She told him that he should get outside the house more.”

P Top

par for the course customary, expected, normal, regular, standard, typical, usual

“Rain is par for the course in this part of the country.”
“Rain is normal in this part of the country.”

“Mental health problems are par for the course among lawyers and judges.”
“Mental health problems are typical among lawyers and judges.”

partially partly

“His failure to be reelected was partially due to a poor campaign strategy.”
“His failure to be reelected was partly due to a poor campaign strategy.”

“She was partially responsible for the accident.”
“She was partly responsible for the accident.”

pay attention to attend to, consider, follow, heed, listen to, note, notice, observe, watch

“He did not pay attention to the ongoing coverage of the scandal.”
“He did not follow the ongoing coverage of the scandal.”

“The students were reminded to pay attention to the speaker’s words.”
“The students were reminded to listen to the speaker’s words.”

personal belief (feeling, opinion, point of view, view, viewpoint) belief, feeling, opinion, point of view, view, viewpoint

“It is his personal belief that the moon landing was staged.”
“It is his belief that the moon landing was staged.”

“In my personal opinion he is guilty.”
“In my opinion he is guilty.”

place (put) a strain on burden, hamper, strain, tax

“His job put a strain on their relationship.”
“His job strained their relationship.”

“Too much red meat places a strain on the heart.”
“Too much red meat taxes the heart.”

place (put)….in danger (jeopardy) endanger, jeopardize, threaten

“The bridge’s poor construction put the lives of thousands in jeopardy.”
“The bridge’s poor construction jeopardized thousands of lives.”

“These conflicts are placing our children in danger.”
“These conflicts are threatening our children.”

plan of action (attack) plan, scheme, strategy

“The coach finalized the team’s plan of attack for the championship game.”
“The coach finalized the team’s strategy for the championship game.”

“The protesters had to create a new plan of action when police intervened.”
“The protesters had to create a new plan when police intervened.”

plan out plan

“The counselors help students plan out their future.”
“The counselors help students plan their future.”

“The team planned out their strategy with their coach.”
“The team planned their strategy with their coach.”

point of view attitude, belief, feeling, opinion, outlook, perspective, position, sentiment, standpoint, view, viewpoint

“The professor offered her point of view on the economic downturn.”
“The professor offered her perspective on the economic downturn.”

“He would not tolerate opposing points of view.”
“He would not tolerate opposing views.”

precondition (prerequisite) needed, required, requisite

“Spanish 101 is a prerequisite for Spanish 102.”
“Spanish 101 is required for Spanish 102.”

“He asserted that adequate food and shelter were preconditions for happiness.”
“He asserted that adequate food and shelter were needed for happiness.”

present (offer) a (an, the)….(of, on, to) remove

“They offered an explanation of their decision.”
“The explained their decision.”

“She will present a defense of her thesis.”
“She will defend her thesis.”

presently (currently) now, remove

“He is presently living in Great Yarmouth.”
“He is living in Great Yarmouth.”

“She broke up with Michael and is currently dating her brother’s friend Steve.”
“She broke up with Michael and is now dating her brother’s friend.”

present (….) with give, offer, present, proffer

“She told me that she plans to present the class with treats for Christmas.”
“She told me that she plans to give the class treats for Christmas.”

“The contestants were presented with three clues.”
“The contestants were offered three clues.”

prior to before

Prior to his upset win he was not considered a top competitor.”
Before his upset win he was not considered a top competitor.”

“She had no legal issues prior to her arrest for shoplifting.”
“She had no legal issues before her arrest for shoplifting.”

(a, the)….process remove

“Getting the bill passed was a difficult process.”
“Getting this bill passed was difficult.”

“Preparing children for adulthood is a challenging but rewarding process.”
“Preparing children for adulthood is challenging but rewarding.”

proffer extend, give, offer, submit, tender

“She will soon proffer the document for approval.”
“She will soon submit the document for approval.”

“He proffered his resignation.”
“He offered his resignation.”

provide (a, the)….(for, of, to) remove

“He refused to provide an answer to her question.”
“He refused to answer her question.”

“The government failed to provide an adequate response to the crisis.”
“The government failed to respond adequately to the crisis.”

provided that if

“You can go to her house provided that you finish your homework.”
“You can go to her house if you finish your homework.”

Providing that it is not raining, we are going to the park.”
If it is not raining, we are going to the park.”

provide….with give, offer

“He promised that he would provide me with assistance when I needed it.”
“He promised that he would offer me assistance when I needed it.”

“They provided us with advice on how to manage the situation.”
“They gave us advice on how to manage the situation.”

pursuant to by, following, per, under

“The act was illegal pursuant to the new bill.”
“The act was illegal per the new bill.”

“The suspect was released pursuant to the judge’s order.”
“The suspect was released under the judge’s order.”

put an end (stop, a halt) to cease, close, end, finish, halt, settle, stop, terminate

“Someone must put an end to this violence.”
“Someone must end this violence.”

“They should act maturely and put an end to their feud.”
“They should act maturely and settle their feud.”

put forth (forward) advance, extend, give, offer, present, proffer, propose, submit, suggest, tender

“He put forth his hand in respect.”
“He extended his hand in respect.”

“She put forward an innovative idea that was ignored by her male colleagues.”
“She presented an innovative idea that was ignored by her male colleagues.”

Q Top

question mark question, uncertain, unknown, unsure

“His status for tonight’s game is a question mark.”
“His status for tonight’s game is unknown.”

“The solution remains a question mark even for the brightest mathematicians.”
“The problem remains uncertain even for the brightest mathematicians.”

quotation quote

“The quotation was attributed to Einstein.”
“The quote was attributed to Einstein.”

“Students must learn to properly cite quotations.”
“Students must learn to properly cite quotes.”

R Top

raise doubts (questions) about challenge, dispute, doubt, question

“New findings have caused investigators to raise doubts about his guilt.”
“New findings have caused investigators to question his guilt.”

“She was offended that I raised questions about her honesty.”
“She was offended that I doubted her honesty.”

reach an agreement (compromise) agree, compromise, decide, resolve, settle

“The parties failed to reach an agreement prior to trial.”
“The parties failed to settle prior to trial.”

“After months of discussions they reached a compromise.”
“After months of discussions they compromised.”

remains (stays) intact holds, remains

“If their lead remains intact they will win the championship.”
“If their lead holds they will win the championship.”

“The country’s economic growth remained intact despite a global recession.
“The country’s economic growth held despite a global recession.

reason why reason

“His tendency to lie is the main reason why I doubt his claims.”
“His tendency to lie is the main reason I doubt his claims.”

“Her experience is another reason why you should elect her.”
“Her experience is another reason you should elect her.”

refer back refer

“Students can refer back to their notes during the exam.”
“Students can refer to their notes during the exam.”

“He began referring back to my earlier comments.”
“He began referring to my earlier comments.”

regardless of (how, what, when, where, whether) however, no matter, whatever, whenever, wherever, whether (….) or not

Regardless of how it was used, the word should not have been uttered.”
However it was used, the word should not have been uttered.”

Regardless of what others say, have faith in your vision.”
Whatever others say, have faith in your vision.”

Regardless of when you take the exams, you must bring identification.”
Whenever you take the exams, you must bring identification.”

“The killing of innocent people is abhorrent regardless of where it occurs.”
“The killing of innocent people is abhorrent wherever it occurs.”

“You should be kind to others regardless of whether they have something to offer in return.”
“You should be kind to others whether or not they have something to offer in return.”

remains to be seen is unclear, is unknown

“It remains to be seen who will be selected for the position.”
“It is unclear who will be selected for the position.”

“It remains to be seen how he will perform against tougher opposition.”
“It is unknown how he will perform against tougher opposition.”

reoccur recur

“Hopefully a tragedy like like this will not reoccur.”
“Hopefully a tragedy like like this will not recur.”

“The symptoms started reoccurring.”
“The symptoms started recurring.”

reply (report, respond) back reply, report, respond

“The message said that he should reply back within an hour.”
“The message said that he should reply within an hour.”

“Complete the task then report back to the station.”
“Complete the task then then report to the station.”

reserved for…….only reserved for

“The lounge is reserved for staff only.”
“The lounge is reserved for staff.”

“This position is reserved for internal candidates only.”
“This position is reserved for internal candidates.”

return (revert) back return, revert

“She worries that he will revert back to his old habits.”
“She worries that he will revert to his old habits.”

“He returned back to a life of crime.”
“He returned to a life of crime.”

run-of-the-mill average, common, everyday, normal, ordinary, regular, standard, typical, usual

“Jay Cutler is not a run-of-the-mill bodybuilder.”
“Jay Cutler is not a typical bodybuilder.”

“He is a run-of-the-mill thirteen year old boy.”
“He is a normal thirteen year old boy.”

S Top

sad to say sadly

“We are sad to say that he died in hospital.”
Sadly he died in hospital.”

“It is sad to say, but her addiction is worsening.”
Sadly, her addiction is worsening.”

safe haven haven, refuge

“The shelter is a safe haven for abused women.”
“The shelter is a haven for abused women.”

“He sees Canada as a safe haven from war.”
“He sees Canada as a refuge from war.”

seeing as (as how, that) as, because, considering, given, since

“I doubt that she will get another chance seeing as how she was warned before .”
“I doubt that she will get another chance as she was warned before.”

Seeing that he got everything wrong, it is unlikely that he studied for the exam.”
Since he got everything wrong, it is unlikely that he studied for the exam.”

seek out seek

“We plan to seek out more investors.”
“We plan to seek more investors.”

“Increasingly, young couples are seeking out nannies.”
“Increasingly, young couples are seeking nannies.”

seem to be seemingly

“Tattoos seem to be common among today’s youth.”
“Tattoos are seemingly common among today’s youth.”

“She seemed to be doing well.”
“She was seemingly doing well.”

send the message communicate, convey, express, impart, relay, suggest

“We must send the message that all domestic violence is wrong.”
“We must convey that all domestic violence is wrong.”

“His actions sent the message that politics could act with impunity.”
“His actions suggested that politics could act with impunity.”

sense of remove

“The news left them with little sense of hope.”
“The news left them with little hope.”

“She felt a sense of pride when he admitted that she was right.”
“She felt proud when he admitted that she was right.”

shaken up distressed, disturbed, shaken, unsettled, upset

“The team was shaken up by their coach’s death.”
“The team was shaken by their coach’s death.”

“She was shaken up by the revelations.”
“She was unsettled by the revelations.”

share a common (in common) share

“They did not share a common interpretation of the book.”
“They did not share an interpretation of the book.”

“Persistence is a quality he shares in common with his mother.”
“Persistence is a quality he shares with his mother.”

short and to the point brief, concise, pithy, short, succinct, to the point

“You can talk to her, but make it short and to the point.”
“You can talk to her, but make it brief.”

“His presentation was short and to the point.”
“His presentation was concise.”

show a….of (to) remove

“Violent inmates show a tendency to act more impulsively than others.”
“Violent inmates tend to act more impulsively than others.”

“The photo below is an outline of the proposed design.”
“The photo below outlines the proposed design.”

side by side alongside, beside, next to, together, with

“She worked side by side her husband to overturn the ruling.”
“She worked with her husband to overturn the ruling.”

“The students were seated side by side near the exit.”
“The students were seated together near the exit.”

since that time (then) since, since then

“He won a competition two years ago, but he has not competed since then.”
“He won a competition two years ago, but he has not competed since.”

Since that time she has had two children.”
“She has had two children since then.”

slow down slow

“After a quick start he began to slow down.”
“After a quick start he began to slow.”

“Economic growth has slowed down since January.”
“Economic growth has slowed since January.”

specifically indicate (mention, note, etc.) , indicate, mention, note, specify

“He did not specifically mention who won but he offered hints.”
“He did not specify who won but he offered hints.”

“Not all the parties were specifically mentioned in the document.”
“Not all the parties were mentioned in the document.”

T Top

take advantage of abuse, benefit from, exploit, gain

“She took advantage of his vulnerability.”
“She exploited his vulnerability.”

“You took advantage of my hospitality.”
“You abused my hospitality.”

“There are many ways to take advantage of this opportunity.”
“There are many ways to benefit from this opportunity.”

take care of care for

“She must take care of her brother while her parents are gone.”
“She must care for her brother while her parents are gone.”

“I took care of my sick grandma every morning for three years.”
“I cared for my sick grandma every morning for three years.”

talk about discuss, mention

“The politician refused to talk about the scandal.”
“The politician refused to mention the scandal.”

Talking about religion in the classroom is controversial.”
Discussing religion in the classroom is controversial.”

tell the truth be forthright, be honest, be sincere, be truthful

“The suspect refused to tell the truth.”
“The suspect refused to be truthful.”

“I doubt that she was telling the truth.”
“I doubt that she was being honest.”

tense up stiffen, tense

“I noticed her shoulders tense up when the door slammed shut.”
“I noticed her shoulders stiffen when the door slammed shut.”

“He tensed up at the thought of being unable to see his kids.”
“He tensed at the thought of being unable to see his kids.”

the….at (the….in, the….on) …. -‘s (-s’)….

“He is the best player on his team.”
“He is his team’s best player.”

“She was the best debater in the tournament.”
“She was the tournament’s best debater.”

the fact that that

The fact that he is uneducated does not mean that he is unintelligent.”
That he is uneducated does not mean that he is unintelligent.”

The fact that she answered each question incorrectly reflects poorly on her.”
That she answered each question incorrectly reflects poorly on her.”

the….of the the -‘s (-s’)….

“They walked to the entrance of the building.”
“They walked to the building’s entrance.”

“She talked about the best parts of the trip.
“She talked about the trip’s best parts.”

the (those) people those

“He hated the people who criticized him.”
“He hated those who criticized him.”

The people she referred to were her cousins.”
Those she refereed to were her cousins.”

there are….left (more, remain)….until remain, remain, remove

“There are three more days until the game.”
“There are three days until the game.”

There are two hours left until class starts.”
“Two hours remain until class starts.”

there is no good reason for (to) ….is inexcusable, is….indefensible, is unreasonable, is is unjustified, unjustifiable

There is no good reasons for the judge’s ruling.”
“The judge’s ruling is unreasonable.”

There were no good reason to oppose the bill.”
“Opposing the bill was unjustifiable.”

there was was

There was great talent on display at the World Cup.”
“Great talent was on display at the World Cup.”

“She told me that there were more suspects to be named.”
“She told me that more suspects were to be named.”

the way (manner, means, method) how

“He disapproved of the way it was handled.”
“He disapproved of how it was handled.”

“They explained the manner in which he was chosen.”
“They explained how she was chosen.”

thousand(s) (of) years millennia

“Humans have been fighting each other for thousands of years.”
“Humans have been fighting each other for millennia.”

“Two thousand years later our habits are largely the same.”
“Two millennia later our habits are largely the same.”

three times thrice

“The boxer was knocked down three times.”
“The boxer was knocked down thrice.”

“She has won the award three times.”
“She has won the award thrice.”

to be remove

“He looked to be around seventy.”
“He looked around seventy.”

“She seemed to be nervous.”
“She seemed nervous.”

to go left, remain, remove

“There are a few minutes to go before the game starts.”
“There are a few minutes left before the game starts.”

“There was a minute to go when he scored the decisive goal.”
“A minute remained when he scored the decisive goal.”

“There is only a week to go until school starts.”
“There is only a week until school starts.”

try to be try being

Try to be more cheerful.”
Try being more cheerful.”

“She must try to be more open-minded.”
“She must try being more open-minded.”

turned (….) on aroused, excited

“She was turned on by his touch.”
“She was excited by his touch.”

“He is turned on by her eyes.”
“He is aroused by her eyes.”

turn (….) off disgust, put off, repel, repulse, revolt, sicken

“While the room was nicely designed its stench was a major turn off.”
“While the room was nicely designed its stench was disgusting.”

“He thought his breath may have turned her off.”
“He thought his breath may have repulsed her.”

two times twice

“The boxer was knocked down two times.”
“The boxer was knocked down twice.”

“She has won the award two times.”
“She has won the award twice.”

U Top

Unconfirmed rumor rumor

“There is an unconfirmed rumor that the game will be released next year.”
“There is an rumor that the game will be released next year.”

Unconfirmed rumors about the couple are circulating .”
Rumors about the couple are circulating.”

V Top

valuable asset asset, valuable

“She is a valuable asset to the team.”
“She is an asset to the team.”

“Humor is a valuable asset in a partner.”
“Humor is valuable in a partner.”

vantage point angle, perspective, point, position, vantage, viewpoint

“As a woman, she sees the situation from a different vantage point.”
“As a woman, she sees the situation from a different angle.”

“The balcony is a great vantage point from which to see the fireworks.”
“The balcony is a great place from which to see the fireworks.”

W Top

wait around linger, wait

“Please be on time so we do not have to wait around.”
“Please be on time so we do not have to linger.”

“She is waiting around by the cafeteria.”
“She is waiting by the cafeteria.”

was -ing -ed

“She was expecting to give birth in October.”
“She expected to give birth in October.”

“The prisoner was acting erratically.”
“The prisoner acted erratically.”

went (headed) back to returned to, revisited

“They went back to the crime scene to look for evidence.”
“They returned to the crime scene to look for evidence.”

“In 1984 she headed back to her birthplace of New Delhi to see family.”
“In 1984 she revisited her birthplace of New Delhi to see family.”

what….for why

What did you come here for?”
Why did you come here?”

What are semicolons used for?”
Why are semicolons used?”

what….is remove

What this team needs is better coaching.”
“This team needs better coaching.”

What is surprising is that a month ago she had no political ambitions.”
“Surprisingly, a month ago she had no political ambitions.”

wake up awake, awaken, wake

“They must wake up earlier than usual.”
“They must awaken earlier than usual.”

“He woke up to the buzzing of his alarm.”
“He awoke to the buzzing of his alarm.”

when (where)….can when possible, where appropriate, where possible, where suitable

“Tell her to take out the garbage when she can.”
“Tell her to take out the garbage when possible.”

“You should substitute a prefix for ‘not’ where you can.”
“You should substitute a prefix for ‘not’ where suitable.”

who looks like (resembles) lookalike, resemble

“The leaked video shows him kissing someone who resembles Audrey Hepburn.”
“The leaded video shows him kissing an Audrey Hepburn lookalike.”

“Smith, who looks just like his mentor Usher, is an emerging R&B star.”
“Smith, who resembles his mentor Usher, is an emerging R&B star.”

will probably not is unlikely to

“The judge will probably not dismiss the case.”
“The judge is unlikely to dismiss the case.”

“They will probably not arrive before the game starts.”
“They are unlikely to arrive before the game starts.”

with an open mind open-mindedly

“He looks at everything with an open mind.”
“He looks at everything open-mindedly.”

“She listened to each side of the story with an open mind.”
“She listened to each side of the story open-mindedly.”

within the next within

“She is expected to bear her first daughter within the next three weeks.”
“She is expected to bear her first daughter within three weeks.”

“He should arrive within the next few weeks.”
“He should arrive within a few weeks.”

without a doubt doubtlessly, inarguably, unarguably, undeniably, undisputedly, unquestionably, without doubt

“She is without a doubt an excellent ballerina.”
“She is doubtlessly an excellent ballerina.”

“He won the match without a doubt.”
“He won the match without doubt.”

Y Top

years old (of age) remove

“She is 28 years old.”
“She is 28.”

“The ride is open to those 13 years of age and up.”
“The ride is open to those 13 and up.”

year in and year out annually, every year, yearly

“We come to this cabin year in and year out.”
“We come to this cabin yearly.”

“She was the top performer year in and year out until she retired.”
“She was the top performer every year until she retired.”

Z Top

zero in on concentrate on, focus on, pinpoint

“Police are zeroing in on three suspects.”
“Police are focusing on three suspects.”

“Doctors have zeroed in on what they believe to be a cure for Alzheimer’s.”
“Doctors have pinpointed what they believe to be a cure for Alzheimer’s.”